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YALBAC RANCH & CATTLE CORPORATION, a corporation duly organized under the Laws of the State of Texas, of the United States of America, duly Registered as an Overseas Company in accordance with the requirements of the Company’s Act, Chapter 250 of the Laws of Belize, Revised Edition 2000 with Registered Office situated at 4194 Constitution Drive, City of Belmopan, Cayo District, Belize, Central America (“Yalbac Ranch”).



(1)    Yalbac Ranch Headquarters and Yalbac Iguana Creek Mill, Mile 1-1/2 Spanish Lookout Road, Iguana Creek, Cayo District, Belize, Central America, Telephone:  501-823-0426 and 501-823-0427, Fax:  501-823-0429.


(2)    Yalbac Lumberyard, 28 North Front Street, Belize City, Belize, Central America, Telephone:  501-223-1214.


(3)    Belize Post Office Address:  P.O. Box 1975, Belize City, Belize, Central America.



Yalbac Ranch Lands have been licensed by the Government of Belize pursuant to the Private Forest Conservation Act, CAP 217, Revised Edition 2000, Section 4(2)(a) pursuant to the LICENSE FOR SUSTAINED YIELD WORKING OF TIMBER ON PRIVATE LANDS and granted a LONG-TERM PRIVATE FOREST PERMIT NO.:  LTPFP 2/07 for a forty (40) year period of time commencing March 20, 2007 and ending March 19, 2047 covering “65,713.76 hectares” (or 161,000 acres).  


The Yalbac Ranch Lands Development Program anticipates that it will experience successfully, Forest Management and Chain of Custody Certification Assessments of the Forest Management Operations performed by Yalbac Ranch providing for a five year certification period as part of The SmartWood Program of the Rainforest Alliance through the Forest Stewardship Council™ (“FSC”) Certification System.  The basis for such Forest Management and Chain of Custody Certification Assessments starts with the Sustainable Forest Management Plan (for the Big Leaf Mahogany Swietenia Macrophylla) October 2005 through September 2010.


Yalbac Ranch Lands are situated with the Guatemala Border on its western boundary, the Gallon Jug Lands on its northern boundary, Programme For Belize Lands on its eastern boundary and Labouring Creek on its southern boundary.


Besides relying on natural regeneration, YALBAC RANCH has established a system of nursery to produce seedlings of the preferred species such as Mahogany and Cedar and conducted trials on imported exotic species including Gmelina (Gmelina arborea).  Teak (Tectona grandis) and Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus sp.).*

YALBAC RANCH focuses on Mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla), Santa Maria(Calophyllum Brasiliense) and Black Cabbage Bark (Lonchocarpus castilloi), although Nargusta (Terminalia amazonia), Mylady (Aspidosperma cruentum), Black Poison Wood (Metopium Brownie), and other lesser-known hardwoods are also occasionally taken if the local market demands.

Since about 1989, YALBAC RANCH has maintained an active program of mahogany replanting.  Starting with two mahogany trees planted for every one harvested, that absolute number has now increased to three mahogany trees for every one taken.  Seeds are collected from local provenance when mature trees are harvested and planted into the company’s nursery.

The Yalbac Ranch Nursery shows a high germination rate and good growth for the seedlings, which are normally planted out within a year, normally after the suspension of the logging operation in the rainy season.  An assessment carried out on trees planted in 1997 found that after 6 months the plants had achieved an 85% survival rate.*

There are two major fault lines on the property, namely the Booths River Fault and the Lolucha Fault.  The Booths River Fault extends from the north, south into theYalbac Ranch Lands  to the area called San Jose.  The Lolucha Faults are located along the northwestern region of the property.  Apart from these Faults, the most dramatic feature is the Yalbac Escarpment, which lies at the foot of the Yalbac Hillsand presents a spectacular drop to the flat level land in the plains below.  Above theYalbac Escarpment, the landscape is slightly to moderately rugged, being dominated by rounded Cone Karst Hills.

Under the Holdridge Life Zone Classification System, the property falls along the transitional line between two theoretical life zones, namely the Subtropical Moist andSubtropical Wet.

Data from the RBCMA and Gallon Jug suggests that the area receives on average about 1,550 mm (60 inches) of rainfall per annum, but that in certain areas nearer to the Wet Zone, this amount may be exceeded.  There is a three-month dry season running roughly between February to April and a bimodal nine months wet season, which peaks in June and October.  Lowest temperatures are recorded between November and January when the mean highs and lows are 26.5ºC and 21ºC, respectively, while the hottest period falls between April and May when the average maximum hovers around 31.5ºC.*

With its forest still intact and functional, YALBAC RANCH provides a valuable contribution to maintaining the national system of watersheds.  There is a network of seasonal and perennial streams throughout the Yalbac Ranch Lands.  They empty into the Booths River Drainage Basin, the New River Lagoon Drainage Basin, andLaboring Creek that joins with the Belize River.*

Yalbac Ranch Lands lie on average between 5-250 M. above sea level.  The Yalbac Ranch Lands lie within the Corozal Basin Geological Province that is essentially an extension of the Yucatan Platform and the North Petén Basin.  The Yalbac Escarpment forms the southern boundary of the Corozal Basin, which is also associated with the La Libertad Arch.  Yalbac Ranch Lands, as the rest of northwestern Belize, is underlain by limestone.*

Forest inventory results in a finding that 153 forest species are reported, from 10 cm in dbh up.*

There is a wide range of small archeological sites located within the boundaries of theManagement Area

*    Sustainable Forest Management Plan (for the Big Leaf Mahogany Swietenia Macrophylla) October 2005 – September 2010, Fundación Naturaleza Para la Vida – NPV in consultation with Forest Department of Government of Belize.